Korean war June-October 1950 : Inchon and Stalin in the "trigger vs. justification" debate.

DSpace/Manakin Repository


Search DR-NTU

Advanced Search Subject Search


My Account

Korean war June-October 1950 : Inchon and Stalin in the "trigger vs. justification" debate.

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Tan, Jack Kwoh.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-05T09:32:29Z
dc.date.available 2009-02-05T09:32:29Z
dc.date.copyright 2006
dc.date.issued 2009-02-05T09:32:29Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10220/4403
dc.description.abstract China's decision to enter the Korean War in 1950 is a historical puzzle: why would China, a much weaker country, enter into a military confrontation with the United Korea carries strategic lessons for the contemporary crisis on the Korean Peninsula, as well as for Sino-American relations. Utilizing newly declassified Russian documents made available at the Cold War International History Project from 1994-2004, this paper critically assesses this new evidence concurrently with the existing literature that has emerged so far, and seeks to contribute to the "trigger vs. justification" debate surrounding China's entry. Three shortcomings of this debate are identified: 1) whether Mao would have intervened had the US military stopped at the 38th parallel is difficult to determine; 2) Mao's vacillations up till the very last minute cast doubt on the justification arguement i.e. offensive intervention driven by revolutionary ideology and politics; and 3) as a result, this ignores the complex dimensions of decision-making and interaction between Stalin and the Chinese leadership, as well as within the Chinese leadership itself. This paper argues that one significant variable overlooked heretofore is the American landings at Inchon on 19 September 1950. This is followed by in-depth analyses of the following three main interactions that Inchon engendered - 1) the policy shifts within the Truman administration; 2) the Stalin-Mao manoeuvres; and 3) the debates and dilemmas within the Chinese Politburo. This paper concludes that it was Inchon, along with additional pressure from Stalin, and not the crossing of the 38th parallel, that triggered China's eventual entry into Korea.
dc.format.extent 52 p.
dc.relation.ispartofseries RSIS Working Papers ; 105/06
dc.rights Nanyang Technological University
dc.subject DRNTU::Social sciences::Military and naval science.
dc.title Korean war June-October 1950 : Inchon and Stalin in the "trigger vs. justification" debate.
dc.type Working Paper
dc.contributor.school S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
RSIS-WORKPAPER_13.pdf 340.3Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


Total views

All Items Views
Korean war June-October 1950 : Inchon and Stalin in the "trigger vs. justification" debate. 437

Total downloads

All Bitstreams Views

Top country downloads

Country Code Views
United States of America 94
China 92
Singapore 15
Australia 10
Taiwan 10

Top city downloads

city Views
Beijing 72
Mountain View 47
Singapore 14
Melbourne 6
San Jose 4

Downloads / month

  2014-02 2014-03 2014-04 total
RSIS-WORKPAPER_13.pdf 0 0 3 3