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“Muscular” versus “Liberal” Secularism and the religious fundamentalist challenge in Singapore

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“Muscular” versus “Liberal” Secularism and the religious fundamentalist challenge in Singapore

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dc.contributor.author Kumar Ramakrishna
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-11T02:45:57Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-11T02:45:57Z
dc.date.copyright 2010
dc.date.issued 2011-01-11T02:45:57Z
dc.identifier.citation Kumar Ramakrishna. (2010). “Muscular” versus “Liberal” Secularism and the religious fundamentalist challenge in Singapore. (RSIS Working Paper, No. 202). Singapore: Nanyang Technological University.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10220/6520
dc.description.abstract This essay examines how the divisive forces of religious fundamentalism have been a recurring feature of Singapore’s history. It shows why events in 2009 and 2010 appear to suggest that the Singapore State may well be justified in continuing to consider religious fundamentalism as a potential threat to the social fabric of the nation. The essay then addresses two contending perspectives in coping with religious fundamentalism in Singapore, the so-called “Muscular Secularist” and “Liberal Secularist” views – the former favoured by the State and the latter reflecting the aspirations of some sections of civil society. The essay discusses the increasing pressure both from inside and outside Singapore on the State to soften its no-nonsense Muscular Secularist stance on coping with religious fundamentalism in Singapore and imbibe elements of the more nuanced Liberal Secularist perspective. Finally, it explains why Muscular Secularism is likely to remain the State’s preferred philosophy for managing religious fundamentalism for the foreseeable future.
dc.format.extent 45 p.
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries RSIS Working Paper ; 202/10
dc.subject DRNTU::Humanities
dc.title “Muscular” versus “Liberal” Secularism and the religious fundamentalist challenge in Singapore
dc.type Working Paper
dc.contributor.school S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies

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