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ANGPTL4 modulates vascular junction integrity by integrin signaling and disruption of intercellular VE-cadherin and claudin-5 clusters

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ANGPTL4 modulates vascular junction integrity by integrin signaling and disruption of intercellular VE-cadherin and claudin-5 clusters

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Title: ANGPTL4 modulates vascular junction integrity by integrin signaling and disruption of intercellular VE-cadherin and claudin-5 clusters
Author: Huang, Royston-Luke; Teo, Ziqiang; Chong, Han Chung; Zhu, Pengcheng; Tan, Ming Jie; Tan, Chek Kun; Lam, Ivan Chee Ren; Sng, Ming Keat; Leong, David Tai Wei; Tan, Suet Mien; Kersten, Sander; Ding, Jeak Ling; Li, Hoi-Yeung; Tan, Nguan Soon
Copyright year: 2011
Abstract: Vascular disruption induced by interactions between tumor-secreted permeability factors and adhesive proteins on endothelial cells facilitates metastasis. The role of tumor-secreted angiopoietin-like 4 (cANGPTL4) in vascular leakiness and metastasis is controversial due to the lack of understanding of how cANGPTL4 modulates vascular integrity. Here, we show that cANGPTL4 instigated the disruption of endothelial continuity by directly interacting with three novel binding partners, integrin α5β1, VE-cadherin and claudin-5, in a temporally sequential manner, thus facilitating metastasis. We showed that cANGPTL4 binds and activates integrin α5β1-mediated Rac1/PAK signaling to weaken cell-cell contacts. cANGPTL4 subsequently associated with and declustered VE-cadherin and claudin-5, leading to endothelial disruption. Interfering with the formation of these cANGPTL4 complexes delayed vascular disruption. In vivo vascular permeability and metastatic assays performed using ANGPTL4-knockout and wild-type mice injected with either control or ANGPTL4-knockdown tumors confirmed that cANGPTL4 induced vascular leakiness and facilitated lung metastasis in mice. Thus, our findings elucidate how cANGPTL4 induces endothelial disruption. Our findings have direct implications for targeting cANGPTL4 to treat cancer and other vascular pathologies.
Subject: DRNTU::Science::Biological sciences::Molecular biology.
Type: Journal Article
Series/ Journal Title: Blood
School: School of Biological Sciences
Rights: © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

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