mirage

Sumatran megathrust earthquakes : from science to saving lives

DSpace/Manakin Repository

 

Search DR-NTU


Advanced Search Subject Search

Browse

My Account

Sumatran megathrust earthquakes : from science to saving lives

Show full item record

Title: Sumatran megathrust earthquakes : from science to saving lives
Author: Sieh, Kerry
Copyright year: 2006
Abstract: Most of the loss of life, property and well-being stemming from the great Sumatran earthquake and tsunami of 2004 could have been avoided and losses from similar future events can be largely prevented. However, achieving this goal requires forging a chain linking basic science—the study of why, when and where these events occur—to people's everyday lives. The intermediate links in this chain are emergency response preparedness, warning capability, education and infrastructural changes. In this article, I first describe our research on the Sumatran subduction zone. This research has allowed us to understand the basis of the earthquake cycle on the Sumatran megathrust and to reconstruct the sequence of great earthquakes that have occurred there in historic and prehistoric times. On the basis of our findings, we expect that one or two more great earthquakes and tsunamis, nearly as devastating as the 2004 event, are to be expected within the next few decades in a region of coastal Sumatra to the south of the zone affected in 2004. I go on to argue that preventing future tragedies does not necessarily involve hugely expensive or high-tech solutions such as the construction of coastal defences or sensor-based tsunami warning systems. More valuable and practical steps include extending the scientific research, educating the at-risk populations as to what to do in the event of a long-lasting earthquake (i.e. one that might be followed by a tsunami), taking simple measures to strengthen buildings against shaking, providing adequate escape routes and helping the residents of the vulnerable low-lying coastal strips to relocate their homes and businesses to land that is higher or farther from the coast. Such steps could save hundreds and thousands of lives in the coastal cities and offshore islands of western Sumatra, and have general applicability to strategies for helping the developing nations to deal with natural hazards.
Subject: DRNTU::Science::Geology::Volcanoes and earthquakes.
Type: Journal Article
Series/ Journal Title: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society A
Rights: © 2006 The Royal Society. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, The Royal Society. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2006.1807].

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
203.Sumatran me ... cience to saving lives.pdf 718.3Kb PDF View/Open
   

DOI Query

- Get published version (via Digital Object Identifier)
   

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Statistics

Total views

All Items Views
Sumatran megathrust earthquakes : from science to saving lives 258

Total downloads

All Bitstreams Views
203.Sumatran megathrust earthquakes from science to saving lives.pdf 95
Sumatran megathrust earthquakes.pdf 25

Top country downloads

Country Code Views
United States of America 40
China 34
Singapore 27
France 5
Taiwan 5

Top city downloads

city Views
Beijing 32
Mountain View 30
Singapore 27
Seoul 1

Downloads / month

  2014-06 2014-07 2014-08 total
203.Sumatran megathrust earthquakes from science to saving lives.pdf 0 0 4 4