Academic Profile

Caroline Bouvet de Maisonneuve is a geologist specialized in volcanic processes. Her main research interests are magmatic processes occurring just prior to and during an eruption. She focuses on magma storage conditions and eruption mechanisms, with particular interest in identifying processes responsible for changes in eruptive behavior. She applies a range of tools, such as textural and chemical characterization of whole-rocks and minerals, melt inclusion analyses, and numerical modeling.

She studied Earth Sciences and received her Ph.D. from the University of Geneva (Switzerland). She then was a Research Fellow of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), sharing her time between the EOS (Singapore) and Georgia Tech. (Atlanta, USA). She is now an Asst. Prof. at NTU, within the Division of Earth Sciences and the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
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Asst Prof Caroline Bouvet De Maisonneuve
Assistant Professor, Asian School of the Environment

The development of increasingly precise geophysical monitoring tools has led to progress in the field of eruption forecasting, but predicting the size and vigor of an eruption remains a major challenge in the assessment of risks. The vast majority of active volcanoes display wide ranges in eruption styles over long and short time scales, from effusive lava flows or dome growth to explosive Strombolian, Vulcanian, or Plinian eruptions. My long term goals are to shed light on the combinations of processes and physical parameters that govern the magnitudes and styles of eruptions, and to enhance our ability to interpret geophysical and geodetic monitoring signals in terms of magmatic processes.

My main research interests, therefore, focus on:
What processes control the magnitude and style of a given eruption?
How and why do these controlling factors change from one eruptive center to the next?
Why does the magnitude and style vary from eruption to eruption at a same volcano?

In addition, the fact of addressing these questions may also bring elements of response to more petrology-based problems such as: How to reconcile the plutonic and volcanic record? How and where do magmas differentiate (e.g. assimilation vs. fractional crystallization)? How do the transport, accumulation, and differentiation of magma affect the formation of continental crust?
 
  • Constraints on Magma Ascent Rate in the Volcanic Conduit from Decompression-Induced Microlite Crystallization in a Natural Andesite

  • Tephra studies in Asia