Guillaume Thibault is an Assistant Professor and Principal Investigator of the Lipid Regulation and Cell Stress Laboratory at the School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He is also an Adjunct Principal Investigator at the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR). He obtained his PhD degree from the University of Toronto, Canada in 2007 and subsequently he carried out a postdoctoral fellowship in the laboratory of Dr. Davis Ng at the Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore. During that time, Guillaume research was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Postgraduate Scholarship and the Singapore Millennium Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship. In 2013, Guillaume received The Elite Nanyang Assistant Professorship Award when joining Nanyang Technological University to establish his independent research group. Guillaume is an expert on cellular stress responses in the context of lipid bilayer stress. His research group mostly focus on elucidating the role of the endoplasmic reticulum in sensing and maintaining lipid and protein homeostasis in the context of metabolic diseases and aging.

ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
2013 Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore
2007 Ph.D. in Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Canada
2002 B.Sc. in Biochemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
1999 Diploma in Analytical Chemistry, Collège Ahuntsic, Canada
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Asst Prof Guillaume Thibault
Assistant Professor, School of Biological Sciences

LIPID REGULATION IN EUKARYOTES

Hundreds of distinct lipids, of varying concentrations, assemble to form biological membranes. The most abundant, phospholipids, varies according to head group structures, acyl chain length and double bounds. In eukaryotes, lipid compositions can differ widely among organelles. In most cases, the biological significance of these differences remains unclear

The complex organization of cellular membranes suggests the need of sophisticated homeostatic regulatory mechanisms. Links were made with an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway called the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR activation is required to ease the damaging effects of ER stress. Yeast relies exclusively on the Ire1p pathway while metazoans have two additional UPR outputs. This characteristic makes budding yeast a very attractive model organism since its sole UPR pathway can be easily manipulated. Normally, this response leads to ER homeostasis by facilitating refolding of proteins and enhancing recognition and degradation of misfolded proteins. Meant to be temporary, the UPR must be deactivated to avoid cell death due to chronic ER stress. Many diseases, such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, diabetes mellitus type 2, and hepatic steatosis, have been linked to recurrent ER stress.
 
  • Characterising The Anti-Aging Role Of The UPR From High Glucose Diet

  • Dissecting the neuroprotective role of WDFY3 to counteract age-mediated decline in proteostasis.

  • Identify Essential Genes To Construct A Functional Unfolded Protein Response Programme Using Synthetic Biology

  • Improving student learning using open-ended question assessment with machine learning-driven immediate feedback

  • Targeting Host-Pathogen Synergy in Wound Infection
 
  • Wei Sheng Yap, Peter Shyu Jr., Maria Laura Gaspar, Stephen A. Jesch, Charlie Marvalim, William A. Prinz, Susan A. Henry, Guillaume Thibault. (2020). Yeast FIT2 homolog is necessary to maintain cellular proteostasis and membrane lipid homeostasis. Journal of Cell Science, .

  • Nurulain HO, Wei Sheng YAP, Jiaming XU, Haoxi WU, Jhee Hong KOH, Wilson Wen Bin GOH, Bhawana GEORGE, Shu Chen CHONG, Stefan TAUBERT, Guillaume THIBAULT. (2020). Stress sensor Ire1 deploys a divergent transcriptional program in response to lipid bilayer stress. The Journal of Cell Biology, 219(7).

  • Peter Jr. Shyu, Benjamin S.H. Ng, Nurulain Ho, Ruijie Chaw, Seah Yi Ling, Charlie Marvalim, Guillaume Thibault. (2019). Membrane phospholipid alteration causes chronic ER stress through early degradation of homeostatic ER-resident proteins. Scientific Reports, 9, 8637.

  • Caroline Beaudoin-Chabot, Lei Wang, Alexey V Smarun, Dragoslav Vidovic, Mikhail S Shchepinov and Guillaume Thibault*. (2019). Deuterated polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce oxidative stress and extend the lifespan of C. elegans. Frontiers in Physiology, 2019, 641.

  • Jhee Hong Koh, Lei Wang, Caroline Beaudoin-Chabot, Guillaume Thibault. (2018). Lipid bilayer stress-activated IRE-1 modulates autophagy during endoplasmic reticulum stress. Journal of Cell Science, 131(22), 1.