Academic Profile : Faculty

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Asst Prof Michael Raska
Assistant Professor
Coordinator, Military Transformations Programme, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)
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Dr Michael Raska is Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Military Transformations Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His research interests focus on defence and military innovation, particularly how key nation-states strive to maintain or prolong margins of military-technological superiority through defence innovation; the effects of emerging technologies such as AI on force planning and future warfighting concepts; and open source-based intelligence assessments on emerging threats such as next-generation hybrid conflicts and digital warfare.

He is the author of Military Innovation and Small States: Creating Reverse Asymmetry (Routledge, 2016), co-editor of the AI Wave in Defence Innovation: Assessing Military AI Strategies, Capabilities, and Trajectories (Routledge, 2023); Defence Innovation and the 4th Industrial Revolution: Security Challenges, Emerging Technologies, and Military Implications (Routledge, 2022), and Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century Cross-Regional Perspectives (Routledge, 2015). He has published in journals such as the Journal of Strategic Studies, Strategic Studies Quarterly, Prism – Journal of Complex Operations, Air Force Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, Korea Journal of Defense Analysis, Pointer-Journal of Singapore Armed Forces, and Sirius – Journal of Strategic Analyses.

His academic contributions also include chapters in edited volumes in cooperation with the Norwegian Institute of Defence Studies; European Union Institute for Security Studies; Center for New American Security; Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation at the University of California San Diego; Strategic Studies Institute at the US Army War College; Swedish Defence University; National Institute for Defense Studies Japan, Defense AI Observatory at the at the Helmut Schmidt University of the Bundeswehr, Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies. His commentaries and op-eds have been published by the Defense News, The Diplomat, East Asia Forum, The National Interest, Lowy Interpreter, ASPI Strategist, Asia Times, RUSI Newsbrief, RSIS Commentaries, and newspapers including the Straits Times, Korea Herald, The Statesman, and others.

Dr Raska has previously taught courses and seminars at the SAF Goh Keng Swee Command and Staff College and the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. His recent teaching experiences include visiting fellowships at the Australian Defence College, and invited lectures, seminars, and briefings for select professional military education institutions and defence colleges in Europe, Asia, and the U.S. In Singapore, he has contributed research and teaching for the Ministry of Defence, the Singapore Armed Forces, the Defence Science and Technology Agency, and the Digital and Intelligence Service.

He is an alumni of the Columbia / Cornell University Summer Workshop on Analysis of Military Operations and Strategy (SWAMOS 2012), the Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies Workshop at Basin Harbor (2013), the Hertog Summer Study Program (2014), and the Young Strategists Forum (2017). He holds a Ph.D. from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, where he was a recipient of the President’s Graduate Fellowship.
• Emerging Technologies, Geopolitics, and Future Warfare
How will future warfare evolve? How will high technologies and especially AI drive wars? The strategic competition for emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, quantum computing, novel materials, and others are creating a new set of conditions for the development and application of next wave of military transformations that changes the character of warfare, particularly in East Asia. My research focuses on the relative abilities of militaries to access and leverage new and emerging critical technologies, their likely progress in doing so, and the impediments they may face, ultimately with implications for security and stability in the region.

• Theories and Debates Relating to Defence and Military Innovation
The diffusion of new and potentially powerful militarily relevant technologies – as well as the ability of militaries to exploit their potential – varies widely, conditioned by a range of organisational, conceptual, and operational challenges as well as varying historical path dependencies and strategic cultures. Accordingly, my research aims to develop conceptual frameworks for a comparative analysis of defence innovation trajectories, focusing on military-technological innovation that integrates conceptual paths, technological patterns, and organisational change.

• Cyber Conflicts and Information Warfare
As conflicts increasingly evolve through the cyber and information domains, the centres of gravity – the sources of state power that provide moral or physical strength, freedom of action, or will to act - are shifting. The principal academic and policy challenge is identifying these shifts, while managing, and responding to potentially more severe, cascading, multi-level crises emanating from cyberspace. In this context, my research focuses on the security challenges posed by the cyber revolution, ranging from cyber-crime to militarisation of cyberspace, to hostile information campaigns.
 
  • Artificial Intelligence in Asian Armies: Technologies for Next Major Wars
Fellowships & Other Recognition
2023 Visiting fellow - Australian Defence College, Canberra

2017 Selected as a participant in the Young Strategists Forum (YSF) by the German Marshall Fund of the United States, Tokyo, January 26-31, 2017.
The Young Strategists Forum seeks to develop a new generation of strategic thinkers for an age of constrained resources and mounting international challenges. Participants are selected through a competitive process.

2015 Selected as a participant in the Opinion Leader Invitation Programme by the Japan Ministry of Defence (MOD), Tokyo, March 23-26, 2015.
Selected by the Japan MOD for promoting Japan-ASEAN defence cooperation.

2014 Selected as a participant in the Summer Study Programme by the Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Washington D.C., USA. The SAIS Summer Study aims to develop a new generation of scholars and practitioners proficient in both regional and strategic studies. The Summer Study has a competitive selection process and takes place in a small seminar environment of approximately 20 attendees.

2013 Selected as a participant in the Summer Workshop on the Relationship between National Security and Technology in China by the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. Project SITC’s summer training course at UC San Diego provides a comprehensive overview of the development, linkages, and roles that science, technology, and innovation play in China’s national security. Competitive selection.

2013 Selected as a participant in the Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies Basin Harbour Teaching Seminar, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University, Washington D.C., USA. The workshop selects approximately half a dozen senior and two dozen junior faculty for a four-day pedagogical colloquium designed to help prepare faculty who are new to the national security or strategic studies field.

2012 Selected as a participant in the Summer Workshop on Military Operations and Strategy (SWAMOS), Columbia / Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. Sponsored by the Columbia University’s Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, convened at Cornell University, SWAMOS aims to familiarize the next generation of scholars on the analysis of military policy. SWAMOS has a competitive selection of about 22 participants each year.
 
Courses Taught
S6010 The Revolution in Military Affairs and Force Transformation in the 21st Century

S6038 Conflicts in the Digital Age: Information and Cyberwarfare

IR6036 International Relations of Korea: Searching For Security, Autonomy, and Independence