Influence of stagnant zones on transient and asymptotic dispersion in macroscopically homogeneous porous media
Hoekstra, Alfons G.
Sloot, Peter M. A.
Van As, H.
Date of Issue2002
School of Computer Engineering
The role of stagnant zones in hydrodynamic dispersion is studied for creeping flow through a fixed bed of spherical permeable particles, covering several orders of characteristic time and length scales associated with fluid transport. Numerical simulations employ a hierarchical model to cope with the different temporal and spatial scales, showing good agreement with our experimental results on diffusion-limited mass transfer, transient, and asymptotic longitudinal dispersion. These data demonstrate that intraparticle liquid holdup in macroscopically homogeneous porous media clearly dominates over contributions caused by the intrinsic flow field heterogeneity and boundary-layer mass transfer.
DRNTU::Engineering::Computer science and engineering
Physical review letters
© 2002 The American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of The American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.234501]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.