Phase diagram and magnetic excitations of anisotropic spin-one magnets
Batista, Cristian D.
Date of Issue2013
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We use a generalized spin wave approach and large scale quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations to study the quantum phase diagram and quasiparticle excitations of the S=1 Heisenberg model with an easy-plane single-ion anisotropy in dimensions d=2 and 3. We consider two alternative approximations for describing the quantum paramagnetic state: the standard Holstein-Primakoff approximation and a modified treatment in which the local constraint (finite dimension of the local Hilbert space) is enforced by introducing a Lagrange multiplier. While both approximations produce qualitatively similar results, the latter approach is the only one that is in good quantitative agreement with the quantum phase diagram and the quasiparticle dispersions obtained with QMC. This result is very important for low-temperature studies of quantum paramagnets in magnetic fields because it shows that a simple modification of the standard analytical approach should produce much better quantitative agreement between theory and experiment.
Physical review B
© 2013 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review B and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.174405]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.