Fabrication of unipolar graphene field-effect transistors by modifying source and drain electrode interfaces with zinc porphyrin
Khaderbad, Mrunal A.
Mhaisalkar, Subodh Gautam
Rao, V. Ramgopal
Date of Issue2012
School of Materials Science and Engineering
We report a unipolar operation in reduced graphene oxide (RGO) field-effect transistors (FETs) via modification of the source/drain (S/D) electrode interfaces with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-10,15,20-tri-(p-tolyl) zinc(II) porphyrin (Zn(II)TTPOH) molecules. The dipolar Zn(II)TTPOH molecules at the RGO/platinum (Pt) S/D interface results in an increase of the electron injection barrier and a reduction of the hole-injection barrier. Using dipole measurements from Kelvin probe force microscopy and highest occupied molecular orbital–lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO–LUMO) calculations from cyclic voltammetry, the electron and hole injection barriers were calculated to be 2.2 and 0.11 eV, respectively, indicating a higher barrier for electrons, compared to that of holes. A reduced gate modulation in the electron accumulation regime in RGO devices with SAM shows that unipolar RGO FETs can be attained using a low-cost, solution-processable fabrication technique.
ACS applied materials & interfaces
© 2012 American Chemical Society.