Critical behavior and the absence of glass state in ferromagnetic La0.7Ca0.3CoO3 nanowires
Fan, Hong Jin
Date of Issue2011
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We report a systematic study of the magnetic and thermodynamic properties of uniform La0.7Ca0.3CoO3 nanowires prepared by a hydrothermal method, and compare them with the bulk counterpart. The nanowires, ∼59 nm in diameter, are single crystalline as revealed by electron microscopy. With decreasing temperature, the bulk La0.7Ca0.3CoO3 shows a ferromagnetism followed by a reentrant glass state, whereas the nanowires show only a purely ferromagnetic ground state. The thermopower and specific heat results indicate that there exist enhanced spin and/or orbital fluctuations in the nanowires that could be responsible for the absence of the glass state. Critical behavior analysis shows that the nanowires fall into a three-dimensional Heisenberg ferromagnet class.
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