On-chip diameter-dependent conversion of metallic to semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes by immersion in 2-ethylanthraquinone
Rogers, John A.
Chan-Park, Mary B.
Date of Issue2012
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
The key hurdle to the practical use of as-grown single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) for high performance nanoelectronics is the unavoidable presence of metallic nanotubes with current synthesis methods. We present a simple approach to convert metallic SWNTs to semiconducting ones in situ to improve device field effect behaviour, using an aromatic compound (2-ethylanthraquinone - EAQ) which is a mild radical initiator. We show that the reaction between EAQ-generated radicals and SWNTs is diameter and metallicity dependent; in the medium-diameter regime (0.8 to 1.0 nm), the EAQ-generated radicals preferentially attack the metallic SWNTs over semiconducting ones and convert them to semiconducting, as evidenced by several orders (10 and 104) increase in the on/off ratio.
© 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.