Improved cyclability of lithium-ion battery anode using encapsulated V2O3 nanostructures in well-graphitized carbon fiber
Admar, Agita Sesara
Wong, Chee Cheong
Date of Issue2012
School of Materials Science and Engineering
A novel one-dimensional (1D) V2O3@carbon nanocomposite has been successfully synthesized for the first time. In the synthesis procedure, the previously obtained V2O5·xH2O nanobelts act as template. By coating the nanobelts with a layer of polymerized C species under hydrothermal conditions followed by a calcination treatment at elevated temperature in an inert atmosphere, the V2O3@carbon nanocomposite was finally obtained. This nanocomposite consists of a well-graphitized carbon layer encapsulating the V2O3 nanostructures. The as-synthesized V2O3@carbon nanocomposite exhibits improved electrochemical performance in Li-ion batteries as the anode, showing enhanced stability, reversibility and cyclability in long-term cycles. At least a 98.5% capacity retention (660 mAh g−1) was observed after high-rate galvanostatic measurements (250 cycles). These results indicate that the V2O3@carbon nanocomposite is a promising candidate as an anode material for next generation Li-ion batteries. In addition, this nanocomposite may also be a promising material for other important applications such as supercapacitors.
© 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.