Generation of ultralarge Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS)-active hot-spot volumes by an array of 2D nano-superlenses
Wei, Kho Kiang
Date of Issue2011
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (or SERS) has received tremendous attention in the past three decades. However, the extremely-confined probe volume (1 nm) of the plasmonic hot-spots occurring on a conventional roughened SERS-active metallic surface has limited value in macro-molecular studies. In this article, we show the plausibility of generating large SERS hot-spot volumes on an atomically-flat metal surface based upon a special 3D adiabatic plasmonic nano-focusing effect brought about by an array of nano-scale superlenses. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this particular approach and report, for the first time, the acquisition of whole-protein SERS spectra of a layer of test protein, Cytochrome-c, using a custom-made Otto-Raman spectroscopy system equipped with nano-fluidics. Our study shows the potential of whole-protein SERS spectroscopy as a useful analytical tool that complements surface probe microscopies.
© 2011 American Chemical Society.