Photonic crystal fiber tip interferometer for refractive index sensing
Hu, Dora Juan Juan
Shum, Perry Ping
Lim, Jun Long
Wolinski, Tomasz R.
Date of Issue2012
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
In this paper we present an interferometer based on photonic crystal fiber (PCF) tip ended with a solid silica-sphere for refractive index sensing. The sensor is fabricated by splicing one end of the holey PCF to a single mode fiber (SMF) and applying arc at the other end to form a solid sphere. The sensor has been experimentally tested for refractive index and temperature sensing by monitoring its wavelength shift. Measurement results show that the sensor has the resolution of the order of 8.7×10 −4 over the refractive index range of 1.33–1.40, and temperature sensitivity of the order of 10 pm/°C in the range of 20–100 °C.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
© 2012 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Optical Society of America. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.37.001373]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.