Nanoporous tin oxide photoelectrode prepared by electrochemical anodization in aqueous ammonia to improve performance of dye sensitized solar cell
Teh, Jun Jie
Guai, Guan Hong
Leong, Kam Chew
Li, Chang Ming
Date of Issue2013
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
In this work, a nanoporous thin film consisting of sieve-like tin oxide (SnO2) sheets was prepared by anodization of tin foil in aqueous ammonia and applied as a photoelectrode for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). Compared to the conventional SnO2 nanoparticle-based photoelectrode, the anodized nanoporous SnO2 electrode offers higher short circuit current (6.85 vs. 3.64 mA/cm2) and open circuit voltage (0.56 vs. 0.51 V) due to better charge transportation and better suppression of charge recombination. Consequently, the power conversion efficiency of the DSSC equipped with the anodized SnO2 electrode is enhanced by 63%.
Journal of renewable and sustainable energy
© 2013 American Institute of Physics. This paper was published in Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Institute of Physics. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4798316]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.