Additive super-efficiency in integer-valued data envelopment analysis
Cook, Wade D.
Date of Issue2011
College of Business (Nanyang Business School)
Conventional data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods assume that input and output variables are continuous. However, in many real managerial cases, some inputs and/or outputs can only take integer values. Simply rounding the performance targets to the nearest integers can lead to misleading solutions and efficiency evaluation. Addressing this kind of integer-valued data, the current paper proposes models that deal directly with slacks to calculate efficiency and super-efficiency scores when integer values are present. Compared with standard radial models, additive (super-efficiency) models demonstrate higher discrimination power among decision making units, especially for integer-valued data. We use an empirical application in early-stage ventures to illustrate our approach.
European journal of operational research
© 2011 Elsevier B.V.