Synthesis of graphene–carbon nanotube hybrid foam and its use as a novel three-dimensional electrode for electrochemical sensing
Chan-Park, Mary B.
Date of Issue2012
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
Three-dimensional (3D) graphene–carbon nanotube (CNT) hybrids are synthesized by two-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) under atmospheric pressure. As revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the hybrid is a monolithic graphene foam with conformal coverage of a dense CNT mesh. We further demonstrate that the obtained graphene–CNT hybrid foams can be used as novel 3D electrochemical electrodes for sensing applications. Specifically, the 3D graphene–CNT electrodes exhibit a high sensitivity (470.7 mA M−1 cm−2) and low detection limit (20 nM with S/N ≈ 9.2) for dopamine detection. Modified with horseradish peroxidase and Nafion, the 3D hybrid electrodes are also used to detect H2O2 with a high sensitivity (137.9 mA M−1 cm−2), low detection limit (1 μM with S/N ≈ 17.4), and wide linear detection range (10 μM–1 mM).
Journal of materials chemistry
© 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.