Performance analysis of downlink multi-cell OFDMA systems based on potential game
La, Quang Duy
Chew, Yong Huat
Soong, Boon Hee
Date of Issue2012
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
This paper investigates the subcarrier allocation problem for a downlink multi-cell multiuser OFDMA network using potential game theory. Each player is considered to be a central base station together with all the mobiles distributed within its coverage area. In such a system, co-channel interferences (CCI), if left uncontrolled, could hinder the transmissions and limit the throughputs of the users, especially those near the cell-edge area. Certain remedies, including power control with pricing, did not seem to solve the problem completely. We specifically address this issue from an interference-minimizing approach, where the utility function adopted is meant to minimize the total CCI among players. Under such formulation, we show that the formulated game can be mathematically described by a potential game. Hence, a Nash equilibrium (NE) will be guaranteed for the proposed game and stable solutions can be achieved via myopic gameplays such as the best/better responses. We propose our iterative algorithm for obtaining the NEs and address several performance issues such as fairness for edge-users and the price of anarchy. Numerical results show the improvement in efficiency and fairness using this approach.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
IEEE transactions on wireless communications
© 2012 IEEE.