Surface nanostructure optimization for GaAs solar cell application
Date of Issue2012
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology
Numerical simulation of optical absorption characteristics of gallium arsenide (GaAs) thin-film solar cells by the three-dimensional finite element method is presented, with emphasis on optimizing geometric parameters for nanowire and nanocone structures to maximize the ultimate photocurrent under AM1.5G illumination. The nanostructure-based GaAs thin-film solar cells have demonstrated a much higher photocurrent than the planar thin films owing to their much suppressed reflection and high light trapping capability. The nanowire structure achieves its highest ultimate photocurrent of 29.43 mA/cm2 with a periodicity (P) of 300 nm and a wire diameter of 180 nm. In contrast, the nanocone array structure offers the best performance with an ultimate photocurrent of 32.14 mA/cm2. The results obtained in this work provide useful guidelines for the design of high-efficiency nanostructure-based GaAs solar cells.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Japanese journal of applied physics
© 2012 The Japan Society of Applied Physics.