Microstructural characterization and amorphous phase formation in Co40Fe22Ta8B30 powders produced by mechanical alloying
Taghvaei, Amir Hossein
Date of Issue2011
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology
In this work, microstructural evolution and amorphous phase formation in Co40Fe22Ta8B30 alloy produced by mechanical alloying (MA) of the elemental powder mixture under argon gas atmosphere was investigated. Milling time had a profound effect on the phase transformation, microstructure, morphological evolution and thermal behavior of the powders. These effects were studied by the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) in reflection mode using Cu Kα and in transmission configuration using synchrotron radiation, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results showed that at the early stage of the milling, microstructure consisted of nanocrystalline bcc-(Fe, Co) phases and unreacted tantalum. Further milling, produced an amorphous phase, which became a dominant phase with a fraction of 96 wt% after 200 h milling. The DSC profile of 200 h milled powders demonstrated a huge and broad exothermic hump due to the structural relaxation, followed by a single exothermic peak, indicating the crystallization of the amorphous phase. Further XRD studies in transmission mode by synchrotron radiation revealed that the crystalline products were (Co, Fe)20.82Ta2.18B6, (Co, Fe)21 Ta2 B6, and (Co, Fe)3B2. The amorphization mechanisms were discussed in terms of severe grain refinement, atomic size effect, the concept of local topological instability and the heat of mixing of the reactants.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Journal of alloys and compounds
© 2011 Elsevier B.V.