Sensor placement in heterogeneous sensor networks
Date of Issue2012
International Conference on Control Automation Robotics & Vision (12th : 2012 : Guangzhou, China)
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Source localization is an important application of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Many types of sensors can be used for source localization, e.g. range-only sensors, bearing-only sensors and time-of-arrival (TOA) sensors, etc. It is well known that the relative sensor-source geometry can significantly affect the performance of any particular localization algorithm. Existing works in the literature mainly deal with the geometry analysis for a single type of sensors. However, in real applications, different types of sensors may be utilized for source localization simultaneously. Hence, in this paper, we consider the optimal sensor placement problem in heterogeneous sensor networks, where two types of sensors are deployed for source localization. Relative optimal sensor-source configurations with the minimum number of sensors for source localization, are identified under the D-optimality criterion with potential extensions to a general case. Explicit characterizations of optimal sensor-source geometries are given for hybrid range-only and bearing-only sensors as well as hybrid bearing-only and TOA sensors, respectively.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
© 2012 IEEE.