Superfluid fountain effect in a Bose-Einstein condensate
Date of Issue2012
Institute of Advanced Studies
We consider a simple experimental setup, based on a harmonic confinement, where a Bose-Einstein condensate and a thermal cloud of weakly interacting alkali-metal atoms are trapped in two different vessels connected by a narrow channel. Using the classical field approximation, we theoretically investigate the analog of the celebrated superfluid-helium fountain effect. We show that this thermomechanical effect might indeed be observed in this system. By analyzing the dynamics of the system, we are able to identify the superfluid and normal components of the flow as well as to distinguish the condensate fraction from the superfluid component. We show that the superfluid component can easily flow from the colder vessel to the hotter one while the normal component is practically blocked in the latter. In the long-time limit, the superfluid component exhibits periodic oscillations reminiscent of the ac Josephson effect obtained in superfluid weak-link experiments.
Physical review A
© 2012 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review A and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.86.033619. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.