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Title: From well-being to positive mental health : conceptualization and qualitative development of an instrument in Singapore
Authors: Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit
Subramaniam, Mythily
Lim, Yee Wei
Sherbourne, Cathy
Luo, Nan
Ryan, Gery
Phua, Amy
Shahwan, Shazana
Kwok, Kian Woon
Brown, Julie
Bradley, Melissa
Edelen, Maria Orlando
Chong, Siow Ann
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Vaingankar, J. A., Subramaniam, M., Lim, Y. W., Sherbourne, C., Luo, N., Ryan, G., et al. (2012). From well-being to positive mental health : conceptualization and qualitative development of an instrument in Singapore. Quality of life research, 21(10), 1785-1794.
Series/Report no.: Quality of life research
Abstract: Purpose: There is no global definition of well-being. Cultural differences in the perception of well-being and the social and behavioral contexts further limit its measurement. Existing instruments are developed in Western societies that differ in their conceptualization of well-being from Asian populations. Moreover, very few instruments address the multidimensional construct of well-being. Methods: Literature was reviewed to develop a priori conceptual framework of mental health and well-being. Concepts were identified based on specific criteria to guide the qualitative investigations. Finally, focus group discussions were conducted among adults belonging to the three major ethnicities in Singapore to identify salient domains of mental health and well-being. Results: Mental well-being is a multidimensional construct constituting of positive affect, satisfaction, and psychological functioning. While well-being explains the functional and psychological components, positive mental health is a combination of these and the skills required to achieve them. Although there is an overlap between the concepts identified from the literature and those identified in Singapore, certain differences existed, particularly with the relevance attributed to family interactions and religiosity or spirituality. Similar findings were observed across the three ethnic groups. Conclusion: Domains identified can be used to develop a culturally relevant instrument in Singapore.
DOI: 10.1007/s11136-011-0105-3
Rights: © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Journal Articles

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