Optimization of transition maneuvers through aerodynamic vectoring
Go, Tiauw Hiong.
Date of Issue2011
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
This paper discusses the optimization of transition maneuvers between hover and cruise for small aircraft using a novel aerodynamic vectoring feature, which is achieved by allowing the wing to have variable incidence angle with respect to the fuselage. Compared to the fixed-wing aircraft case, the angle of incidence of the wing provides an additional independent control variable in the optimization problem formulation. The objective of the study is to achieve a transition scheme with minimal variation in altitude and reasonable thrust-to-weight ratio under specified transition time. The aerodynamics of the aircraft in pre- and post-stall regimes are obtained through wind-tunnel tests. The unsteady aerodynamic effects are incorporated in aerodynamic model to cater for rapid changes in the aircraft motion, which is modeled as three degree of freedom longitudinal dynamics. A nonlinear constrained optimization scheme based on Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) is used to generate the optimal maneuver motions. The results are discussed in light of their comparison with the fixed-wing case.
Aerospace science and technology
© 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.