Clone structures in voters' preferences
Date of Issue2012
Conference on Electronic Commerce (13th : 2012 : Valencia, Spain)
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
In elections, a set of candidates ranked consecutively (though possibly in different order) by all voters is called a clone set, and its members are called clones. A clone structure is the family of all clone sets of a given election. In this paper we study properties of clone structures. In particular, we give an axiomatic characterization of clone structures, show that they are organized hierarchically, and analyze clone structures in single-peaked and single-crossing elections. We describe a polynomial-time algorithm that finds a minimal collection of clones that need to be collapsed for an election to become single-peaked, and we show that this problem is NP-hard for single-crossing elections.