Microbial community and biomass characteristics associated severe membrane fouling during start-up of a hybrid anoxic-oxic membrane bioreactor
Date of Issue2012
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
In MBR, severe membrane fouling is often observed in the initial phase in which biomass is yet fully acclimated and stabilized in terms of microbial community structure and biomass characteristics. The focus of this study was to investigate the microbial community development and its influence on biomass characteristics and membrane fouling during start-up of a hybrid anoxic–oxic MBR. PCR–DGGE analysis indicated that the microbial community shifted in start-up period when a severe membrane fouling was observed. Small particle size, high fractal dimension (DF) and high EPS production, which were closely associated with microbial community, were found to be the major contributors to the severe fouling. Microbial community development was most likely the ultimate factor responsible for the severe membrane fouling.