An FPGA aligner for short read mapping
Maksell, Douglas L.
Date of Issue2012
International Conference on Field Programmable Logic and Applications (22nd : 2012 : Oslo, Norway)
School of Computer Engineering
The rapid growth of short read datasets poses a new challenge to the mapping of short reads to a reference genome in terms of sensitivity and execution speed. In this work, we present a parallel architecture for short read mapping utilizing field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based hardware. The computation intensive semi-global alignment and the hash table lookup operations are mapped onto an FPGA. The proposed Align Core is implemented with a parallel block structure to gain computational efficiency. We present a new parallel block-wise alignment structure to approximate the conventional dynamic programming algorithm. The performance of our FPGA aligner is compared to the GASSST and BWA software implementations. In terms of the overall execution time, our FPGA aligner achieves a speedup between 3.4 to 6.7 compared to GASSST with a comparable sensitivity and a speedup between 2.5 to 5.2 compared to BWA at a higher sensitivity.
DRNTU::Engineering::Computer science and engineering