The mechanism of antiparallel β-sheet formation based on conditioned self-avoiding walk
Goh, Boon Chong
Leong, Hon Wai
Chew, Lock Yue
Date of Issue2012
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
By introducing an additional hydrogen bond to hydrogen bond interaction in the force field of the CSAW (Conditioned Self-Avoiding Walk) model, we investigate into the mechanism of antiparallel β-sheet formation based on the folding of a short polyalanine in gas phase. Through our numerical simulation, we detect the possible presence of a transient helix during β-sheet formation, whose presence is shown to have slowed the formation of β-sheets by an order of magnitude. While we observe the mechanisms of nucleation, zipping and induction that drives the formation of a β-sheet, we uncover a new mechanism that involves transient β-turns and short β-sheets during the formation of long β-sheets. Our results have enabled us to provide an overview on the mechanisms of β-sheet formation via two main folding pathways: slow folding through the intermediate state of transient helix, and fast folding from the nucleation of β-turn.
The European physical journal E