Online map-matching based on Hidden Markov model for real-time traffic sensing applications
Goh, Chong Yang
Asif, M. T.
Date of Issue2012
International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (15th : 2012 : Anchorage, USA)
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
In many Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) applications that crowd-source data from probe vehicles, a crucial step is to accurately map the GPS trajectories to the road network in real time. This process, known as map-matching, often needs to account for noise and sparseness of the data because (1) highly precise GPS traces are rarely available, and (2) dense trajectories are costly for live transmission and storage. We propose an online map-matching algorithm based on the Hidden Markov Model (HMM) that is robust to noise and sparseness. We focused on two improvements over existing HMM-based algorithms: (1) the use of an optimal localizing strategy, the variable sliding window (VSW) method, that guarantees the online solution quality under uncertain future inputs, and (2) the novel combination of spatial, temporal and topological information using machine learning. We evaluated the accuracy of our algorithm using field test data collected on bus routes covering urban and rural areas. Furthermore, we also investigated the relationships between accuracy and output delays in processing live input streams. In our tests on field test data, VSW outperformed the traditional localizing method in terms of both accuracy and output delay. Our results suggest that it is viable for low latency applications such as traffic sensing.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering