A 110pJ/b multichannel FSK/GMSK/QPSK/p/4-DQPSK transmitter with phase-interpolated dual-injection DLL-based synthesizer employing hybrid FIR
Date of Issue2013
IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (2013 : San Francisco, California, US)
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
The IEEE 802.15.6 Wireless Body-Area-Network (WBAN) standard has recently specified narrowband (NB) PHY covering GMSK and D-PSK modulations targeted at varying data rates . There are also reported energy efficient FSK or QPSK transmitters for biomedical applications [2,3]. Hence, a reconfigurable TX that can support multichannel and multimodulation with reconfigurable data rate, spectrum and energy efficiency would be desirable. Although a conventional mixer-based or fractional-N-PLL-based TX with two-point modulation  can achieve the aim, the need of power hungry blocks and sophisticated calibration does not lead to power-efficient solutions. On the other hand, energy efficient injection-locked FSK or QPSK TX with good noise performance does not provide multichannel support due to the use of fixed references [2-3]. Energy efficient FSK TXs  with open-loop VCO have also been reported. However, they exhibit poor spectrum efficiency and do not support PSK modulation due to the poor phase noise of free-running VCOs.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering