Hemodynamic contribution of stem cell scaffolding in acute injured myocardium
Lim, Kee Pah
Tan, Lay Poh
Lim, Chong Hee
Sin, Yoong Kong
Date of Issue2012
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Tissue-engineered scaffolds may improve experimental outcomes in cardiac cell therapy by targeted delivery of stem cells and mechanically support an infarcted left ventricular (LV) wall. We transplanted cardiomyocyte-like cells (5×105) with scaffolding via epicardial patching (cell patch, n=17) or a low-dose intramyocardial hydrogel (LD hydrogel, n=18), a high-dose (5×106) intramyocardial hydrogel (HD hydrogel, n=18) or transplanting a serum-free medium control (control, n=13), a blank patch (n=14), and a blank gel (n=16) for targeted cardiomyoplasty in a myocardial infarcted rat model. LV real-time hemodynamics were assessed using a 1.9-F pressure–volume catheter 7 weeks after stem cell transplantation. All mode of scaffold transplantation protected diastolic function by preserving LV wall integrity that resulted in a lower end diastolic pressure–volume relationship (EDPVR) as compared to a control medium-injected group. Moreover, epicardial patching, but not hydrogel injection, reduced ventricular wall stress with a significantly better LV end diastolic pressure (EDP: 5.3±2.4 mmHg vs. 9.6±6.9 mmHg, p<0.05) as compared to control. Furthermore, epicardial patching additionally preserved systolic function by modulating negative remodeling through restricting dilatation of the LV chamber. In comparison to control, an improved ejection fraction in the cell patch group (80.1%±5.9% vs. 67.9%±3.2%, p<0.01) was corroborated by load-independent enhancement of the end systolic pressure–volume relationship (ESPVR: 0.88±0.61 mmHg/uL vs. 0.29±0.19 mmHg/uL, p<0.05) and preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW: 68.7±26.4 mmHg vs. 15.6±16.2 mmHg, p<0.05) in systolic function. Moreover, the cell patch group (14.2±1.7 cells/high-power field vs. 7.4±1.6 cells/high power field, p<0.05) was significantly better in myocardial retention of transplanted stem cells as compared to the LD hydrogel group. Collectively, myocardial transplantation of compliant scaffolding materials alone may physically improve wall mechanics, largely independent of stem cells. However, epicardially grafted cell patch conferred added systolic contractility by improving stem cell retention and cellular alignment leading to improved LV remodeling and geometric preservation postinfarction.
Tissue Engineering Part A
© 2012 Mary Ann Liebert. This paper was published in Tissue Engineering - Part A and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Mary Ann Liebert. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2011.0591]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.