Exchange bias effect in partially oxidized amorphous Fe-Ni-B based metallic glass nanostructures.
Nair, S. S.
Al-Harthi, S. H.
Ramanujan, Raju V.
Anantharaman, M. R.
Date of Issue2012
School of Materials Science and Engineering
The magnetic properties of amorphous Fe–Ni–B based metallic glass nanostructures were investigated. The nanostructures underwent a spin-glass transition at temperatures below 100 K and revealed an irreversible temperature following the linear de Almeida–Thouless dependence. When the nanostructures were cooled below 25 K in a magnetic field, they exhibited an exchange bias effect with enhanced coercivity. The observed onset of exchange bias is associated with the coexistence of the spin-glass phase along with the appearance of another spin-glass phase formed by oxidation of the structurally disordered surface layer, displaying a distinct training effect and cooling field dependence. The latter showed a maximum in exchange bias field and coercivity, which is probably due to competing multiple equivalent spin configurations at the boundary between the two spin-glass phases.
Journal of physics: condensed matter