An algebraic perspective on multivariate tight wavelet frames.
Date of Issue2013
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Recent advances in real algebraic geometry and in the theory of polynomial optimization are applied to answer some open questions in the theory of multivariate tight wavelet frames whose generators have at least one vanishing moment. Namely, several equivalent formulations of the so-called Unitary Extension Principle (UEP) are given in terms of Hermitian sums of squares of certain nonnegative Laurent polynomials and in terms of semidefinite programming. These formulations merge recent advances in real algebraic geometry and wavelet frame theory and lead to an affirmative answer to the long-standing open question of the existence of tight wavelet frames in dimension d=2. They also provide, for every d, efficient numerical methods for checking the existence of tight wavelet frames and for their construction. A class of counterexamples in dimension d=3 show that, in general, the so-called sub-QMF condition is not sufficient for the existence of tight wavelet frames. Stronger sufficient conditions for determining the existence of tight wavelet frames in dimension d≥3 are derived. The results are illustrated on several examples.