Influence of flaw inclination angle and loading condition on crack initiation and propagation
Wong, Louis Ngai Yuen
Date of Issue2012
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
With reference to the experimental observation of crack initiation and propagation from pre-existing flaws in rock specimens under compression, the influences of pre-existing flaw inclination angle on the cracking processes were analyzed by means of finite element method (FEM) and non-linear dynamics method. FEM analysis on the stress field distribution induced by the presence of a pre-existing flaw provided better understanding for the influence of flaw inclination angle on the initiation position and initiation angle of the potential cracks. Numerical analysis based on the non-linear dynamics method was performed to simulate the cracking processes. The resultant crack types, crack initiation sequences and the overall crack pattern were different under different loading conditions. Under a relatively low loading rate or a small magnitude of maximum loading pressure, tensile cracks would tend to initiate prior to shear cracks. In contrast, under a relatively high loading rate and a large magnitude of maximum loading pressure, shear cracks would tend to initiate prior to tensile cracks instead.
International journal of solids and structures