Optimization and an insightful properties—Activity study of electrospun TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers for efficient photocatalytic H2 generation
Lee, Siew Siang
Sun, Darren Delai
Date of Issue2013
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Optimization of electrospun TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers shows that TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers with 6 mol.% Cu, calcined at 450 °C for 45 min, exhibited the highest H2 generation from 10% (v/v) methanol aqueous solution. The significance of balance and synergy among the essential physicochemical properties such as morphology, porosity, specific surface area, degree of crystallinity, crystal size, as well as elemental states on the photocatalytic H2 generation of electrospun TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers was further revealed by means of varying the synthesis calcinations temperatures. Calcinations at temperature above and below 450 °C showed negative effect on the H2 generation. This was ascribed to the temperature effect on transformation of crystalline phase, crystal growth, mesoporosity formation, and Cu valence state which has thus adversely affected the synergy among the physicochemical properties governing the photocatalytic activity of TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers. Good stability with negligible Cu leaching and reusability were also attained with the composite nanofibers. This study serves as a significant advancement platform to designing and fabricating high efficient and stable TiO2/CuO composite nanofibers via facile electrospinning thus promoting its application potential as an economical photocatalyst for production of clean energy.
Applied catalysis B : environmental
© 2013 Elsevier B.V. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Elsevier B.V. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.03.033