Transmission of O-band wavelength-division-multiplexed heralded photons over a noise-corrupted optical fiber channel.
Liu, Mao Tong.
Lim, Han Chuen.
Date of Issue2013
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
We transmitted O-band heralded photons over 10 km of optical fiber in a proof-of-concept experiment demonstrating the feasibility of using heralded photons to improve the noise tolerance of quantum key distribution. In our experiment, the optical fiber channel was corrupted by noise photons to the extent that if we had used an attenuated laser as the photon source, a photon signal-to-noise ratio of < 4.0 at the receiver, corresponding to a quantum bit-error rate of > 10.0%, would have prevented the effective generation of secure keys. Using a photon heralding scheme, the photon signal-to-noise ratio in our experiment was shown to be > 7.8. This corresponds to a quantum bit-error rate of < 5.7%, which is good enough for distilling secure keys. In addition, we showed that it is possible to incorporate wavelength-division-multiplexing into the photon heralding scheme to improve overall key rate. We discussed and clarified the prospects and limitations of the photon heralding scheme for noise-tolerant quantum key distribution.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Optics, optoelectronics, photonics
© 2013 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Optical Society of America. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.030358]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.