Design of leaky wave antenna with composite right-/left-handed transmission line structure for circular polarization radiation
Date of Issue2012
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
This paper presents a design procedure for the generation of circular polarization (CP) from the composite right/left handed (CRLH) transmission line-(TL) with a coupled inter-digit structure and an inductive stub. The Ex and Ey components are generated from the parallel stubs and the fingers, respectively. The 90°-phase difference can be obtained by optimizing the dimension of the unit cell. In addition, the suitable amplitude ratio of |Ex| and |Ey| for CP generation is obtained by selecting a suitable position of the CRLH-TL between both edges of the ground. As a result, a CP with a measured bandwidth of 30.5% for an axial ratio (AR) of < 3 dB in the boresight direction is obtained. Using the behavior in both the left-handed (LH) and right-handed (RH) frequency regions, a scanning angle of the main beam of approximately 30° can be obtained by varying the frequency between 2.58 GHz and 2.99 GHz. Furthremore, the principle of CP generation is discussed.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Progress in electromagnetics research C
© 2012 EMW Publishing. This paper was published in Progress In Electromagnetics Research C and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of EMW Publishing. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERC12082106]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.