All-optical generation and photoassociative probing of sodium Bose–Einstein condensates
Dumke, Rainer Helmut
Weinstein, J. D.
Jones, K. M.
Lett, P. D.
Date of Issue2006
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We demonstrate an all-optical technique to evaporatively produce sodium Bose–Einstein condensates (BEC). We use a crossed-dipole trap formed from light near 1 μm, and a simple ramp of the intensity to force evaporation. In addition, we introduce photoassociation as diagnostic of the trap loading process, and show that it can be used to detect the onset of BEC. Finally, we demonstrate the straightforward production of multiple traps with condensates using this technique, and that some control over the spinor state of the BEC is achieved by positioning the trap as well.
New journal of physics
© 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. This paper was published in New Journal of Physics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/8/5/064]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.