Multimode entanglement in coupled cavity arrays
Liew, Timothy Chi Hin
Date of Issue2013
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We study a driven-dissipative array of coupled nonlinear optical resonators by numerically solving the von Neumann equation for the density matrix. We demonstrate that quantum correlated states of many photons can also be generated in the limit where the nonlinearity is much smaller than the losses, contrary to common expectations. Quantum correlations in this case arise from the interference between different pathways that the system can follow in the Hilbert space to reach its steady state under the effect of coherent driving fields. We characterize, in particular, two systems: a linear chain of three coupled cavities and an array of eight coupled cavities. We demonstrate the existence of a parameter range where the system emits photons with continuous-variable bipartite and quadripartite entanglement, in the case of the first and the second system, respectively. This entanglement is shown to survive realistic rates of pure dephasing and opens up a new perspective for the realization of quantum simulators or entangled photon sources without the challenging requirement of strong optical nonlinearities.
New journal of physics
© 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. This paper was published in New Journal of Physics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/15/2/025015]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.