Facile synthesis and electrochemical properties of alpha-phase ferric oxide hematite cocoons and rods as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries
Ang, Wei An
Hng, Huey Hoon
Date of Issue2013
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Energy Research Institute
TUM-CREATE Centre for Electromobility
Unique cocoon- and rod-shaped alpha-phase ferric oxide, hematite (α-Fe2O3) is prepared by a simple, scalable and surfactant-free chimie douce synthesis. The structure and morphology is confirmed by x-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of α-Fe2O3 anodes are investigated using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The mesoporous α-Fe2O3 exhibited an initial discharge capacity >1741 mAh/g with excellent cycling performance and rate capabilities. The solvent used for the preparation of α-Fe2O3 plays a key role in determining the morphology of the materials, which greatly influenced its electrochemical properties.
Journal of materials research
© 2013 Materials Research Society. This paper was published in Journal of Materials Research and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Materials Research Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2013.7]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.