Low-temperature synthesis and nanomagnetism of large-area α-Fe2O3 nanobelts
Ramanujan, R. V.
Date of Issue2013
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Large-area one dimensional (1D) α-Fe2O3 nanostructures were grown on iron substrates by catalyst-free thermal oxidation process at low temperatures in air. The structure characterization revealed that the nanostructures are single crystalline α-Fe2O3. Two kinds of α-Fe2O3 nanostructures, nanobelts and nanoflakes, were obtained due to the different growth temperature range. A surface diffusion mechanism is proposed to account for the nanobelts and nanoflakes growth. The Morin temperature TM of pure 1D α-Fe2O3 nanostructures is 121 K, which is far below their bulk counterparts. The coercive field depends on temperature, and takes values 471 Oe at 5 K and about 260 Oe when the temperature is greater than TM , respectively.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology
© 2013 American Scientific Publishers.