Mixed transition-metal oxides : design, synthesis, and energy-related applications
Wu, Hao Bin
Lou, David Xiong Wen
Date of Issue2014
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
A promising family of mixed transition-metal oxides (MTMOs) (designated as AxB3-xO4; A, B=Co, Ni, Zn, Mn, Fe, etc.) with stoichiometric or even non-stoichiometric compositions, typically in a spinel structure, has recently attracted increasing research interest worldwide. Benefiting from their remarkable electrochemical properties, these MTMOs will play significant roles for low-cost and environmentally friendly energy storage/conversion technologies. In this Review, we summarize recent research advances in the rational design and efficient synthesis of MTMOs with controlled shapes, sizes, compositions, and micro-/nanostructures, along with their applications as electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries and electrochemical capacitors, and efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in metal–air batteries and fuel cells. Some future trends and prospects to further develop advanced MTMOs for next-generation electrochemical energy storage/conversion systems are also presented.
Angewandte chemie international edition
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.