Near-infrared light-mediated photoactivation of a platinum antitumor prodrug and simultaneous cellular apoptosis imaging by upconversion-luminescent nanoparticles
Yeow, Edwin K. L.
Date of Issue2014
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Platinum-based drugs are among the most active antitumor reagents in clinical practice; their application is limited by side effects and drug resistance. A novel and personalized near-infrared (NIR) light-activated nanoplatform is obtained by combining a photoactivatable platinum(IV) prodrug and a caspase imaging peptide conjugated with silica-coated upconversion-luminescent nanoparticles (UCNPs) for the remote control of antitumor platinum prodrug activation, and simultaneously for real-time imaging of apoptosis induced by activated cytotoxicity. Upon NIR light illumination, the PtIV prodrug complex is activated at the surface of the nanoparticle and active components are selectively released which display cytotoxicity against human ovarian carcinoma A2780 cells and its cisplatin-resistant variant A2780cis cells. More importantly, the caspases enzymes triggered by cytotoxicity would effectively cleave the probe peptide, thereby allowing the direct imaging of apoptosis in living cells.
Angewandte chemie international edition
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.