dc.contributor.authorWang, Xiao-Dong
dc.contributor.authorWu, Yin-Yuan
dc.contributor.authorLiu, A.-Ping
dc.contributor.authorWang, Peng
dc.identifier.citationWang, X.-D., Wu, Y.-Y., Liu, A.-P., & Wang, P. (2013). Spatio-temporal dynamics of automatic processing of phonological information in visual words. Scientific Reports, 3, 3485.en_US
dc.description.abstractSensory-specific cortices appear to be sensitive to information from another modality. Here we investigate whether the human brain automatically extracts the phonological information in visual words in early visual processing. We continuously presented native Chinese speakers peripherally with Chinese homophone characters in an oddball paradigm, while they performed a visual detection task presented in the centre of the visual field. We found the lexical tone phonology embedded in the characters is processed automatically by the brain of native speakers, as revealed by whole-head electrical recordings of the mismatch negativity (MMN). Source solution further revealed the MMN involved the neural activations from the visual cortex to the auditory cortex (130–460 ms). The spatial-temporal dynamics indicate a visual-auditory interaction in the early, automatic processing of phonological information in visual words.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScientific reportsen_US
dc.rights© 2013 Nature Publishing Group. This paper was published in Scientific Reports and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Nature Publishing Group. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep03485.  One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.en_US
dc.titleSpatio-temporal dynamics of automatic processing of phonological information in visual wordsen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanities and Social Sciencesen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US

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