从清浊别义看群、匣、喻三的上古来源 = A study on the origins of middle Chinese initials of ɣ-, g-, j- in archaic Chinese: a morphological perspective
Tay, Xiu Yu
Date of Issue2014
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study on Middle Chinese initials ɣ-, g-, j- in Archaic Chinese has been ongoing for decades. Currently, there are two main theories remaining. The first theory is that Middle Chinese initials ɣ-, g-, j- all belong to *g- and *gw- in Archaic Chinese. Scholars who support this argument include Li Fang Kuei, Gong Hwang-Cherng and Kew Sook Chiun. The second theory is that initials ɣ-, g-, j- belong to two separate groups, *g- and *gw- along with *ɣ- and * ɣw-. Scholars who support this argument include Ting Pang-Hsin and Shao Rongfen. Kew Sook Chiun supported the first theory but she ignored the effect that chongniu (重钮) and Gong Hwang-Cherng’s reconstruction of Middle Chinese initial l- in Archaic Chinese had on Middle Chinese initials ɣ-, g-, j-. Kew Sook Chiun reconstructed *grj- and *gwrj- as the origin of Middle Chinese initials j- but Ting Pang-Hsin and Fong Hwang-Cherng felt otherwise. If Kew Sook Chiun’s reconstruction of Middle Chinese initials j- is wrong, this would adversely affect her entire reconstruction of Middle Chinese initials ɣ-, g-, j- hence it is necessary to test the purpose of *grj- and *gwrj-. The test is conducted using qingzhuo bieyi (清浊别义). Test results show that the *grj- and *gwrj- are the origin of Middle Chinese initial g- chongniu Division III rimes, hence Kew Sook Chiun’s reconstruction is faulty resulting in support of the first theory being weakened. Hence, this paper believes that initials ɣ-, g-, j- has two origins in Archaic Chinese. Also, after incorporating Gong Hwang-Cherng’s theories, a modified version of Ting Pang-Hsin reconstruction is produced.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University