Tunable optical bistability at the graphene-covered nonlinear interface
Date of Issue2014
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
We investigate theoretically the optical bistability of reflection at the interface between graphene and Kerr-type nonlinear substrates. We derive a simple procedure to calculate the nonlinear reflectivity with graphene, and discuss the influence of the graphene sheets on the hysteretic response of the TM-polarization reflected light. It is found that the bistable behavior of the reflected light can be electrically controlled via suitably varying the applied voltage on the graphene. In THz, the bistable thresholds can be lowered markedly by increasing the Fermi energy. However, in near-infrared frequency, it requires multiple graphene layers to exhibit significant influence on the bistable thresholds.
Applied physics letters
© 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. This paper was published in Applied Physics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of AIP Publishing LLC. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4863927. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.