U(3) artificial gauge fields for cold atoms
Date of Issue2014
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Institute of Advanced Studies
We propose to generate an artificial non-Abelian U(3) gauge field by using a two-tripod scheme, namely, two tripod configurations sharing a common ground-state level and driven by resonant one-photon transitions. Using an appropriate combination of four Laguerre-Gauss and two Hermite-Gauss laser beams, we are able to produce a U(3) monopole and a U(3) spin-orbit coupling for both alkali-metal and alkaline-earth-metal atoms. This two-tripod scheme could open the way to the study of interacting spinor condensates subjected to U(3) monopoles.
Physical Review A
© 2014 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review A and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.90.023601. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.