First-principles study of the lattice dynamics of Sb2S3
Eddie Chua, Kun Ting
Sum, Tze Chien
Gan, Chee Kwan
Date of Issue2013
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We present a lattice dynamics study of orthorhombic antimony sulphide (Sb2S3) obtained using density-functional calculations in conjunction with the supercell force-constant method. The effect of Born effective charges is taken into account using a mixed-space approach, resulting in the splitting of longitudinal and transverse optical (LO-TO) phonon branches near the zone center. Zone-center frequencies agree well with Raman scattering experiments. Due to the slow decay of the interatomic force constants (IFC), a minimal 2 × 4 × 2 supercell (Pnma setting) with 320 atoms is crucial for an accurate determination of the dispersion relations. Smaller supercells result in artificial acoustic phonon softening and unphysical lifting of degeneracies along high symmetry directions. We propose a scheme to investigate the convergence of the IFC with respect to the supercell sizes. The phonon softening can be attributed to the periodic images that affect the accuracy of the force constants, and the truncation of long-ranged forces. The commensuration of the q-vectors with the supercell size is crucial to preserve degeneracies in Sb2S3 crystals.
Physical chemistry chemical physics
© 2014 Royal Society of Chemistry. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Royal Society of Chemistry. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3CP53879F].