Roles of graphite oxide, clay and POSS during the combustion of polyamide 6
Date of Issue2009
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Two contrasting approaches have been adopted in the current study to obtain environmental benign and superior flame retardant polymer nanocomposites. In the first approach, polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) is incorporated as an additional filler in polyamide 6/clay nanocomposite to improve the homogeneity of the ‘physical’ barrier, since POSS transforms to a glassy material upon fire and enhances the coupling of silicate layers to each other. In the second approach, fire response of an intumescent system, polyamide 6/graphite oxide (GO), is compared to polyamide 6/clay systems. The intention of using GO as a flame retardant is to benefit from its layered structure (‘physical’ barrier mechanism) and intumescent/blowing effect (‘chemical’ mechanism). Considerable insight and physical knowledge on the roles of different fillers in the combustion process have been obtained, which would provide useful guidance for the development of a new generation of nanocomposites. Besides the obvious contrasting differences in the flame properties of different materials, the incorporation of various fillers, depending on their nature, has both advantages and disadvantages from the viewpoint of flame retardancy.
© 2009 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Polymer, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2009.01.050].